Tramadol is a synthetic, centrally acting analgesic to treat moderate to severe pain, including the post-surgery pain. First approved in Europe in the 1970s, tramadol found its way to the American soil in 1995 when the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved of its use. However, due to its rampant misuse, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) officially categorized tramadol as a Schedule IV substance within the U.S. under the Controlled Substance Act.
Tramadol has always been marketed as the safer alternative to more potent analgesics such as morphine, so there has been a massive increase in prescriptions for the drug. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, there were about 40 million prescriptions for tramadol which were written for patients in the U.S. in 2012. Apart from the medical use of the drug, there has been a concurrent non-medical use of tramadol which fostered the high rate of abuse.
Tramadol acts on the central nervous system affecting the pain receptors and
changing how your body feels and responds to pain. It gives a soothing effect and increases the urge to use it on a continuous basis apart from the prescribed period. People start getting physically and psychologically dependent on the drug. Tramadol can cause abdominal problems, depression, skin problems and general aches. In fact, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, prescription drug overdose deaths involving synthetic opioids, such as fentanyl and tramadol, increased by 79 percent from 2013, totaling 5,544 deaths in 2014.
It is extremely important to consult a de-addiction specialist at a tramadol addiction treatment center for a proper treatment procedure. One must go for a medically supervised detoxification at a certified tramadol drug rehab center to curtail the strenuous withdrawal symptoms.
Integration of behavioral and pharmacological therapies is the most holistic way of treating any addiction. Combining both the treatments can help address both mental and physical components of tramadol dependency. A specialized tramadol addiction rehab provides combination therapies which not only treats addiction, but also instills a positive attitude in an individual.
A tramadol addiction treatment center can provide rehabilitation facilities in accordance with the needs of the addicted individuals and the impact of the drug, both psychological and physical. Such centers have both inpatient and outpatient facilities to treat the addiction related problems.